Acacia is an evergreen, unarmed tree to 15 m (50 ft) tall, with compact spread, often multi-stemmed; young growth glaucous. Leaves alternate, simple, reduced to phyllodes (flattened leaf stalks), these blade-like, slightly curved, 5-8 in long.
lowers are 8 cm long and in pairs, creamy yellow and sweet scented. Pods are about 6.5 x 1.5 cm, flat, cartilaginous, glaucous, transversely veined with undulate margins. They are initially straight but on maturity become twisted with irregular spirals. Seeds are transversely held in the pod, broadly ovate to elliptical, about 4-6 x 3–4 mm. At Kozhikode (Kerala, India), flocks of jungle crow (Corvus macrorhynchos), grey-headed myna (Sturnia malabarica) and red whiskered bulbul (Pycnonotus jocosus) have been observed to feed on the seeds with the aril that are exposed when the pods are split.
|Key Feature|| Expect 90 to 100 % Germination Rate
Acacia mangium, Acacia springvale are the other varieties of this seeds.
|Uses|| This plant is raised as an ornamental plant, as a shade tree and it is also raised on plantations for fuelwood
Its wood is good for making paper, furniture and tools. It contains tannin useful in animal hide tanning
In India, its wood and charcoal are widely used for fuel